A summary of the Troubles in Northern Ireland A map of Northern Ireland, which sits on the north-east tip of the Irish landmass Northern Ireland is a place of natural beauty, mystery and Celtic charm. In recent times, however, the history of Northern Ireland has been marred by political tension, sectarian feuding and paramilitary killing. From the late s the world watched in despair as Northern Ireland unravelled into unrest and violence.
The British Army, deployed to restore order in Belfast in It was a complex conflict with multiple armed and political actors. The Northern Ireland conflict had elements of insurgency, inter-communal violence and at times approached civil war Another angle of the conflict was sectarian or communal violence between the majority unionist or loyalist Protestant population and the minority Catholic or nationalist one.
This was manifested in inter-communal rioting, house burning and expulsion of minorities from rival areas as well as lethal violence including shooting and bombing.
Though not the principle focus of their campaign, republicans also killed significant numbers of Protestant civilians. The IRA called a ceasefire infollowed shortly afterwards by the loyalist groups, leading to multi-party talks about the future of Northern Ireland.
The conflict was formally ended with the Belfast or Good Friday Agreement of Definition British troops in Belfast, This name had the advantage that it did not attach blame to any of the participants and thus could be used neutrally. Nevertheless its impact on society in Northern Ireland — an enclave with a population of about 1.
Northern Ireland comprised six north eastern counties of Ireland in the province of Ulster.
It left out three Ulster counties with large Catholic and nationalist majorities Donegal, Cavan and Monaghan but included two counties, Fermanagh and Tyrone with slight nationalist majorities.
Ina boundary commission that had been expected to cede large parts of Northern Ireland to the Irish Free State proposed no major changes.
Even its limited modifications were never implemented and the border stayed as it was. From untilNorthern Ireland functioned as a self-governing region of the United Kingdom.
The Unionist Party formed the government, located at Stormont, outside Belfast, for all of these years. Its power was buttressed by a close association with the Protestant fraternal organisations such as the Orange Order.
Northern Ireland was created in for unionists who did not want to be part of a self-ruled Ireland, but contained a substantial minority of Catholic nationalists. Additionally, in local government, only rate payers, who were more often Protestants than Catholics, had a vote.
Catholics also complained of discrimination in employment and the allocation of social housing, and also protested that their community was the main target of the Special Powers Act which allowed for detention without trial.
The unionists buttressed their political power with systematic discrimination against Catholics. There was also a lack of official recognition of Irish nationality in Northern Ireland. The Irish language and Irish history were not taught in state schools.
However most nationalists in the North traditionally voted for the moderate Nationalist Party.
There was an ineffective, mostly southern-based IRA guerrilla campaign against Northern Ireland from tobut with little nationalist support within the North and faced with internment on both sides of the border, it achieved little. Their aim was to end the discrimination against Catholics within Northern Ireland.
This led to increasingly bitter rioting between the Catholic population, especially in Derry, and the RUC. The unrest culminated in a series of severe riots across Northern Ireland in Augustin which 8 people were killed, hundreds of homes destroyed and 1, people displaced.Deirdre O'Doherty was a trainee radiographer in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in , and was among the campaigners preparing to take part in a civil rights march on 5 October.
The troubles in Northern Ireland Essay Sample. The troubles in Northern Ireland. Many people only have a limited idea about what these infamous “troubles” in the North of Ireland really were.
Image caption Some Conservative MPs want a "statute of limitations" to prevent security force members being prosecuted for offences early in the Troubles A defence minister has called for changes. Those who died by Community: Those who died by their status and the category of group responsible: Killings carried out by each Group by Community.
Political separation of Northern Ireland from the rest of Ireland did not come until the early 20th century, when Protestants and Catholics divided into two warring camps over the issue of Irish home rule.
Political separation of Northern Ireland from the rest of Ireland did not come until the early 20th century, when Protestants and Catholics divided into two warring camps over the issue of Irish home rule. During the s the north and south grew further apart due to economic differences. In the. Northern Ireland and the Troubles Northern Ireland is a region of scenic beauty, rich culture and Celtic charm – but its recent history has been marred by political tension, sectarianism and terrorism. “The Troubles” in Northern Ireland are over, but worries about a physical border with the Irish Republic remain.
During the s the north and south grew further apart due to economic differences. In the. Jul 11, · BELFAST, Northern Ireland — The Troubles here ended in the late s, when Catholic nationalists seeking independence from Britain buried the hatchet with Protestant unionists loyal to .