See Article History Alternative Titles: His major goals were the establishment of royal absolutism in France and the end of Spanish-Habsburg hegemony in Europe. Heritage, youth, and early career The family du Plessis de Richelieu was of insignificant feudal origins but, by intermarriage with the legal and administrative classes, rose to some prominence and acquired the seigneury of Richelieu in Poitou. In his intelligence, administrative competence, and instinct for hard work, he resembled his middle-class ancestors.
Louis always backed Richelieu against his political enemies, having total trust in him. Richelieu's main achievements were: He broke the independent power the French aristocracy had enjoyed under previous kings, removing many of their privileges and important positions they held.
For example, previously the head of the French army had been the Constable, a noble. By appointing Marshals centrally as senior military commanders in the field, Richelieu effectively bypassed the Constable, the position falling into disuse.
Many feudal rights and laws were revoked by Richelieu - individual areas, cities,and towns had enjoyed a large latitude in local affairs, often thwarting Royal power and policy.
The aristocracy had often pursued independent aims, contracting alliances with foreign powers and doing much as they pleased;Richelieu ended this, subordinating local and religious interests to those of the state and its head, the King.
The Thirty Years War. Catholic successes were making the Hapsburgs, who controlled Spain, Belgium,and much of Germany too powerful; France was being encircled, so Richelieu subsidized Protestant powers fighting the Hapsburgs.
However, following the destruction of the Swedish army at Nordlingen it became necessary for France to enter the war itself, thus preventing total Hapsburg domination of Europe. Although Richelieu died inhe laid the groundwork for the centralization of power in Royal hands under Louis XIV, and the defeat of the Hapsburgs in the Thirty Years War; by France had replaced Spain as the dominant European nation.Transcript of Major accomplishments of Henry IV and Cardinal Richelieu.
Major Accomplishments of Henry IV and Cardinal Richelieu Cardinal Richelieu was the Unofficial Ruler of France during the early years of Louis XIV's Rein Henry IV fought with the protestants. Henry IV ordered Henri Duke of guise to be executed.
Cardinal Richelieu's Policies. The following lists some of his policies during his eighteen years in power: He negotiated with the English king's advisor, the Duke of Buckingham, that Charles I of England should marry Louis XIII's sister, Henrietta-Maria.
Armand-Jean du Plessis, cardinal et duc de Richelieu: Armand-Jean du Plessis, cardinal et duc de Richelieu, chief minister to King Louis XIII of France from to His major goals were the establishment of royal absolutism in France and the end of Spanish-Habsburg hegemony in Europe.
Richelieu was picked by the King over his wife to continue running in his position. This day is known as the Day of Dupes. He was created duc de Richelieu and was made a Peer of France.
- The Accomplishments of Cardinal Richelieu Up until the mid 17th century, it was evident that France was by no means a major player in the field of European affairs.
Spain was still the most powerful state as it held a dominant monopoly over European commerce and . Cardinal Richelieu - French Cardinal: French statesman and first minister of France (), born in Richelieu, France.
A protégé of the queen mother, Marie de Medici, he became minister of state in