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We seek your assistance in helping to create a descriptive list see below of existing IR paradigms, approaches and theories. If you know of a particular IR theory, for example, that is not listed and described below, please e-mail the name of the theory and a brief description of it to Mark Beavis at irtheory hotmail.
Even if you only know the name, send it: The list will be maintained as an on-going project and knowledge resource which will be developed and enhanced over time. So, if you think that a particular description is inadequate, please send in a better one.
IR Paradigms, Approaches and Theories: For this reason, the balancing process helps to maintain the stability of relations between states.
A balance of power system functions most effectively when alliances are fluid, when they are easily formed or broken on the basis of expediency, regardless of values, religion, history, or form of government. Occasionally a single state plays a balancer role, shifting its support to oppose whatever state or alliance is strongest.
A weakness of the balance of power concept is the difficulty of measuring power. Balance of Terror Theory Suggested text for this entry welcome. Balance of Threat Theory Suggested text for this entry welcome. Behavioralism An approach to the study of politics or other social phenomena that focuses on the actions and interactions among units by using scientific methods of observation to include quantification of variables whenever possible.
A practitioner of behavioralism is often referred to as a behavioralist. Behaviorism refers to the ideas held by those behavioral scientists who consider only observed behavior as relevant to the scientific enterprise and who reject what they consider to be metaphysical notions of "mind" or "consciousness" Viotti, P.
Macmillan Publishing Company, New York. Chaos Theory In mathematics and physics, chaos theory describes the behavior of certain nonlinear dynamical systems that may exhibit dynamics that are highly sensitive to initial conditions popularly referred to as the butterfly effect.
As a result of this sensitivity, which manifests itself as an exponential growth of perturbations in the initial conditions, the behavior of chaotic systems appears to be random. This happens even though these systems are deterministic, meaning that their future dynamics are fully defined by their initial conditions, with no random elements involved.
This behavior is known as deterministic chaos, or simply chaos. Since the International System can be considered a nonlinear dynamic system, it is reasonable to take this theory into account for the study of the International Order. From this, it is theorized that perfected collective security would discourage potential aggressors from angering a collectivity of states.
Like balance-of-power, collective security works on the assumption that any potential aggressor would be deterred by the prospect of joint retaliation, but it goes beyond the military realm to include a wider array of security problems.
It assumes that states will relinquish sovereignty and freedom of action or inaction to increasing interdependence and the premise of the indivisibility of peace. The security that can be derived from this is part of the foundation of the neoliberal institutionalist argument.
Communitarianism Suggested text for this entry welcome. Interdependence theorists noted that such relations, particularly economic ones, were increasing; while the use of military force and power balancing were decreasing but remained important.
Reflecting on these developments, they argued that the decline of military force as a policy tool and the increase in economic and other forms of interdependence should increase the probability of cooperation among states.
The complex interdependence framework can be seen as an attempt to synthesise elements of realist and liberal thought. Here, we can see an obvious connection to neo-liberal institutionalism.
World Politics in Transition. Complexity Theory Complexity theory offers a rich array of concepts that can help us ask deeper questions. Taken together, these concepts argue for viewing world politics increasingly as a group of tightly bound actors evolving together, characterized more by context than their innate nature, vulnerable to surprise from new groups whose members decide independently to organize themselves in new ways and for new purposes.
These concepts argue further for assuming that substantive consequences can arise, sometimes rapidly, from initially minor conditions and that organizations and countries will have a dangerous tendency to push themselves to limits beyond which catastrophe is almost unavoidable.
The resultant picture of the 21st century world of high technology, instant communication, tight international connectivity at all levels of society, and universal education is one of a political world not only constantly evolving but evolving more rapidly, where actors can change course abruptly, policies that worked can suddenly fail, and success will go to the nimble.
Mills, Analyzing the Future Web site.After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: It’s Time To Go. Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address. Johnson Alexander. Graveside services for lifelong Seminole resident Johnson Alexander are scheduled for 1 p.m.
Saturday at the family cemetery with Paul Donnie Wolf officiating. Johnson Alexander. Graveside services for lifelong Seminole resident Johnson Alexander are scheduled for 1 p.m. Saturday at the family cemetery with Paul Donnie Wolf officiating.
Ethiopia - Itm Scandinabian Impression, Dokyniels LAN, Trio Montmart, Nils Dorkey Trio The Three Little Pigs, Moira Butterfield At School, James Nixon Tricks, Scams and Practical Jokes, Geoff Tibballs .
2 CEMPROC Occasional Paper Series According to Jack Levy, the democratic peace thesis is “the closest thing we have to an empirical law in the study of international.
Debating the Democratic Peace (International Security Readers) [Michael E Brown] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Free, non-profit, critically annotated aid to philosophical studies of warfare. The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph. Debating the Democratic Peace (International Security Readers) [Michael E Brown] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Are democracies less likely to go to war than other kinds of states? This question is of tremendous importance in both academic and policy-making circles and one that has been debated by political scientists for years.
Are democracies less likely to go to war than other kinds of states? This question is of tremendous importance in both academic and policy-making circles and one that has been debated by political scientists for years.