Certainly there be, that delight in giddiness, and count it a bondage to fix a belief; affecting free-will in thinking, as well as in acting. And though the sects of philosophers of that kind be gone, yet there remain certain discoursing wits, which are of the same veins, though there be not so much blood in them, as was in those of the ancients. But I cannot tell; this same truth, is a naked, and open day-light, that doth not show the masks, and mummeries, and triumphs, of the world, half so stately and daintily as candle-lights. Truth may perhaps come to the price of a pearl, that showeth best by day; but it will not rise to the price of a diamond, or carbuncle, that showeth best in varied lights.
Domestically, Roman politics was divided between politicians known as optimates and populares. The optimates tended to be more conservative,    defended the interests of the upper class   and used and promoted the authority of the Senate;  the populares advocated reform in the interests of the masses   and used and promoted the authority of the Popular Assemblies.
Both Marius and Sulla distinguished themselves in the Social War, and both wanted command of the war against Mithridates, which was initially given to Sulla; but when Sulla left the city to take command of his army, a tribune passed a law transferring the appointment to Marius.
Sulla responded by marching his army on Rome the first time ever this happened and an influence for Caesar in his later career as he contemplated crossing the Rubiconreclaiming his command and forcing Marius into exile, but when he left on campaign Marius returned at the head of a makeshift army.
Marius died early in 86 BC, but his followers remained in power. Cinna was already dead, killed by his own soldiers in a mutiny.
Caesar, as the nephew of Marius and son-in-law of Cinna, was targeted. Sulla gave in reluctantly, and is said to have declared that he saw many a Marius in Caesar. He served with distinction, winning the Civic Crown for his part in the siege of Mytilene.
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Lacking means since his inheritance was confiscated, he acquired a modest house in the Suburaa lower-class neighbourhood of Rome. He became known for his exceptional oratory, accompanied by impassioned gestures and a high-pitched voice, and ruthless prosecution of former governors notorious for extortion and corruption.
Even Cicero praised him: During this time, Caesar also wrote poems and practiced his public speaking. Marcus Junctus, the governor of Asiarefused to execute them as Caesar demanded, preferring to sell them as slaves,  but Caesar returned to the coast and had them crucified on his own authority, as he had promised while in captivity  —a promise the pirates had taken as a joke.
As a sign of leniency, he first had their throats cut. He then proceeded to Rhodes, but was soon called back into military action in Asia, raising a band of auxiliaries to repel an incursion from Pontus. On his return to Rome he was elected military tribunea first step on the cursus honorum of Roman politics.
The war against Spartacus took place around this time 73—71 BCbut it is not recorded what role, if any, Caesar played in it.
He was elected quaestor for 69 BC,  and during that year he delivered the funeral oration for his aunt Juliawidow of Marius, and included images of Marius, unseen since the days of Sulla, in the funeral procession.
His own wife Cornelia also died that year. He requested, and was granted, an early discharge from his duties, and returned to Roman politics. On his return in 67 BC,  he married Pompeiaa granddaughter of Sulla.
This was a gamble as it placed him in early debt but allowed voters traveling to the city to see the work he had done. He was also suspected of involvement in two abortive coup attempts. In 63 a tribune, Titus Labienusprosecuted the elderly optimate senator Gaius Rabirius for the killing, 37 years previously, of the populist tribune Lucius Appuleius Saturninuswho had been declared a public enemy by the Senate after a candidate for the consulship had been murdered during an election.
Caesar was one of the two judges, and Suetonius says he had bribed Labienus to bring the prosecution. During his appeal, a procedural technicality was contrived - the praetor Quintus Caecilius Metellus Celer took down the military flag from the Janiculum hill, indicating foreign invasion - and proceedings were adjourned.
The prosecution was never resumed. The purpose of the trial is obscure, but it has been interpreted as a challenge to the use of the senatus consultum ultimum.
Pontifex Maximus[ edit ] The same year, Caesar ran for election to the post of Pontifex Maximuschief priest of the Roman state religion, after the death of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Piuswho had been appointed to the post by Sulla.
There were accusations of bribery by all sides. Caesar is said to have told his mother on the morning of the election that he would return as Pontifex Maximus or not at all, expecting to be forced into exile by the enormous debts he had run up to fund his campaign.
During the debate, Caesar was passed a note. Marcus Porcius Catowho would become his most implacable political opponent, accused him of corresponding with the conspirators, and demanded that the message be read aloud. Scandal[ edit ] Praetorship[ edit ] While praetor in 62 BC, Caesar supported Metellus Nepos, now tribune, in proposing controversial legislation that would recall Pompey and his army in order to quell the rising disorder in Italy.
Caesar attempted to continue to perform his duties, only giving way when violence was threatened.
The Senate was persuaded to reinstate him after he quelled public demonstrations in his favour. He was caught and prosecuted for sacrilege. Caesar gave no evidence against Clodius at his trial, careful not to offend one of the most powerful patrician families of Rome, and Clodius was acquitted after rampant bribery and intimidation.
Nevertheless, Caesar divorced Pompeia, saying that "the wife of Caesar must be above suspicion. Governorship in Hispania[ edit ] After his praetorship, Caesar was appointed to govern Hispania Ulterior Outer Iberiabut he was still in considerable debt and needed to satisfy his creditors before he could leave.
Even so, to avoid becoming a private citizen and open to prosecution for his debts, Caesar left for his province before his praetorship had ended. In Hispania he conquered the Callaici and Lusitanibeing hailed as imperator by his troops, reformed the law regarding debts, and completed his governorship in high esteem.
Campaign for the Consulship[ edit ] By the time Caesar returned to Rome mid-year in 60 BC, the senate had granted him the title of imperator, a title which entitled him to a triumph.Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store.
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Critics of Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar differ greatly on their views of Caesar and Brutus. Many have debated whether Caesar or Brutus is the protagonist of the play, because of the title character's death in Act Three, Scene One.
The early career of Julius Caesar was characterized by military adventurism and political persecution. Julius Caesar was born on July 13, BC, into a patrician family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas, supposedly the son of the goddess Venus.
His father died early, and his family status .
Dylan Paul Mr. Campbell Period 4 Compare and Contrast Paper Julius Caesar v.s Alexander the Great Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar were some of the greatest rulers that have ever lived. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. ESSAYS OR COUNSELS. CIVIL AND MORAL OF TRUTH. HAT is truth? said jesting Pilate, and would not stay for an answer. Certainly there be, that delight in giddiness, and count it a bondage to fix a belief; affecting free-will in thinking, as well as in acting.
Julius Caesar “Julius Caesar accomplished many things, other than his usual victories in wars against other empires (Achievements of Julius Caesar 1).” He was an orator, a historian, a statesman, a lawgiver, and an army general. Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar both grew up in an environment that had elements of tension.
Alexander’s mother Olympias, was a non-Macedonian, while other wives of his father were Macedonian, which always resulted in a conflict between his parents.
Brief Overview. Alexander Hamilton was most likely born on January 11, , although the exact year of his birth is unknown.
Hamilton was born on the Caribbean island of Nevis or St. Kitts to Rachel Fawcett and James Hamilton, but he spent the majority of his youth on the island of St. Croix.