Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement. In the United States he launched several businesses to promote a separate black nation. After he was convicted of mail fraud and deported back to Jamaica, he continued his work for black repatriation to Africa.
Biography Part 5 - Businesses run by the U. Negro Factories Corporation The Negro Factories Corporation was set up to be a cornerstone by which black people could achieve independence from whites.
The Corporation was incorporated in January and it was Garvey's aim for the Corporation to run a network of businesses run and staffed by blacks, providing goods and services to black customers without any need to rely on white management, staff or customers.
Garvey envisioned the Negro Factories Corporation being the cornerstone of a global black economy.
The company did not meet Garvey's high hopes and was declared insolvent in However, branches on the U. The paper promoted African Nationalist ideas as well as giving reports on U.
The newspaper's calls for independence lead to the paper being banned in several Caribbean and African Countries although copies were still circulated in these countries through unofficial distributors.
Garvey edited the paper until November and the paper continued to run until 31 July with a brief resurgence in One of the aims of the company was facilitating trade between black nations over the world. The company acquired the S. Yarmouth on 14 September renaming it the S. Frederick Douglas and two further ships in Unfortunately, the company did not live up to Garvey's expectations with too much money being paid for poor quality ships there was allegedly a back-hander paid to the purchaser of one of the shipsfinancial mismanagement and thievery by senior associated of the company.
The company was suspended in February No Marcus Garvey biography would be complete without defining the radical views that made him a threat to the status quo. The life story of the Jamaican-born activist starts well before he came to the United States following World War I, when Harlem was an exciting place for African-American culture.
This is an excerpt from Rupert Lewis’s Marcus Garvey (University of the West Indies Press, ). The book is part of the University of the West Indies Press’s Caribbean Biography series, which celebrates and memorializes the stalwarts and defenders of Caribbean identity.
Marcus Garvey / A biography of the black leader who started a "Back-to-Africa" movement in the United States, believing blacks would never receive justice in countries with a white majority. Born as Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica, Marcus Garvey was the youngest of the eleven children of Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Sr., a mason and Sarah Jane Richards, a domestic worker. Garvey edited the paper until November and the paper continued to run until 31 July with a brief resurgence in The Black Star Line The U.N.I.A. took ownership of the Black Star Line steamship company on 27 June , which was to be run exclusively by black people.
This biography of Marcus Garvey documents the forging of his remarkable vision of pan-Africanism and highlights his organizational skills in framing a response to the radical global popular upsurge following the First World War (–).
Marcus Garvey  Political leader At a Glance  Success in New York  City Prompted A Move Some Blacks Rejected Separatist Ideals  Charges of Mail Fraud Led to Incarceration  Regarded as Pioneer of Black Pride  Sources  Marcus Garvey  was one of the twentieth cen.
Sep 12, · Watch video · Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican-born black nationalist and leader of the Pan-Africanism movement, which sought to unify and connect people of African descent worldwide. In the United States, he was a. Marcus Garvey: Biography of Marcus Garvey, the charismatic leader who organized the first important American black nationalist movement, in New York City’s Harlem.